Golf is the royal one in the field of outdoor sports. The most appreciated thing in this royal sport is the swing as it is the most unnatural, explosive and complex movements made by the club.
According to the sports medicine institute laboratory, golf swing consists of some basic different phases in it. Those are initial setup, gripping, backswing, transition period, downswing and the follow through.
There are many software packages to analysis this golf swing using different parts of the human body such as hips, trunks, shoulders and arms. The basic purpose of this analysis software’s is to determine the body movements, different acting forces and power consumption during the different stages of golf swing and to correlate the efficiency of a golfer depending upon these factors.
The forces acting on various limbs and muscles during a swing may vary person to person depending upon his body fitness, skill levels and physiological factors. But usually the forces acting on different parts of body are sliding forces, lateral bending forces, twisting or torsion forces and compressive forces. Analysis shows that the trunk muscles take minor part during the backswing but play major role during the rest of it. A professional golfer uses a less effort while coiling and uncoiling process while completing a swing. Whereas the compressive forces are almost eight times the normal body weight. The key factor about the forces is the ability to pass momentum from one part to another part of the body while the forces are acting. This procedure is commonly known as kinetic linking and to become a professional golfer you have to develop this ability through proper training.
The act downswing needs the speed to move your arms and to deliver the perfect strength on the club to hit the ball. The spinal and trunk muscles play a major role as the golfer needs to transfer his total body weight to his left foot.
The other important thing is joint flexibility. To deliver a better swing in a fluid manner and to reach a long range better joint flexibility is the key factor. When the shot is complete i.e. during the follow through movement the joint flexibility needs to be much better.
Latest researches shows that a professional golfer posses the better quality of less sliding, lateral bending and twisted forces.
To obtain the greater benefit from the swing actions you must have the strong leg, greater muscles, body flexibility and better movement coordination.